• An Exorcism, Junipero Serra, and the Papal Bulls1

    On October 17, 2020, the Archbishop of San Francisco, Salvatore Cordileone, performed an exorcism ceremony outside the San Rafael Church, where protestors had recently toppled a statue of Father Junipero Serra. An exorcism is a ritual conducted to cast out demons and get rid of the influence of the devil, a fallen angel named “Satan.”